Contrary to popular belief, thinking, speaking and writing are actions.
Great events, for Nietzsche, are not football matches, wars or presidential elections but occur when thoughts that arrive on doves' feet come to manifest in the world at a time of what he calls 'the stillest hour'.
It is these thoughts that eventually come to guide the world.
Action has been philosophically defined by Hannah Arendt as the act of initiating a new series of consequences, never knowing where these will lead.
Valuing political action as potentially enabling freedom to manifest, the goal of politics being freedom, Hannah Arendt was anxious that over-technological development and the popularity of psychological programming techniques would destroy the quality of spontaneity and therefore the existence of un-calculated, free action.